Success and Challanges
The Rufiji River Basin has a number of land uses. The dominating land use is agriculture (both rain-fed and irrigated agriculture). Other types include urban centres and other human settlements, Livestock rearing, Hydropower installations, National Parks (3 in number), several game reserves, forest reserves, fishing (in ponds and natural water bodies) and some mining.
The water uses in the Rufiji Basin are:
Most uses are in the Great Ruaha River.
The Management of the catchment virtues is vital. This however entails availability of resources to enable proper management of the water resources. Public awareness of water resources management issues remains the major activity in this aspect.
The experiences we have in the basin shows that early and precautionary measures are required to be taken in order to properly handle conflicts and equitably allocate the water resources to competing water uses.